Fish farming a profitable agricultural venture and a major source of food. It is important that a farmer knows the basics of fish farming before starting one. So, we bring very basic factors to consider before you set up your fish farm. These will help avoid some of the mistakes you may encounter in fish farmer either at the early stages or in future.
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food. (Wikipedia)
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Now, let us look at these factors.
The market is the first factor to consider if you want to start a fish farm. It also applies to almost all agricultural ventures. You would like to know whom and where to sell your product if you are to make profits and stay in business except when you are not considering selling your fish after harvest.
Location of the farm
The intended location of the fish farm is very vital. The location may influence a couple other factors like the type of pond and the source of water. Choose a location is suitable for the type of fish farming you intend to set up. You need to consider several other factors to end up with a suitable location for your fish farm. If you are considering dug out ponds, then you will need a location that has the right type of soil and enough water supply.
Availability of Water
No fish farming without water. Therefore, quality water must be one of the primary resources you look out for when you want to set up a fish farm. Moreover, your fish farm and operations should not create problems for other water uses, especially if the water used by others.
Type of Fish
You may also want to consider the type of fish you want to raise. There are a number of them you can choose from based on preference and recommendation by the experts. There is tilapia, catfish, tuna, salmon, etc.
It may be required of you to legally back your fish farming operations. Consider all legal requirements if you hope to run a sustainable and commercial fish farm.